Category Archives: FINA

Adrian up for two Golden Goggles relay awards

The United States mixed 4x100m freestyle relay team from left, Ryan Lochte, Simone Manuel, Nathan Adrian and Missy Franklin, bottom, celebrate after winning the gold medal at the World Championships in Kazan, Russia, Saturday. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
The United States mixed 4x100m freestyle relay team from left, Ryan Lochte, Simone Manuel, Nathan Adrian and Missy Franklin, bottom, celebrate after winning the gold medal at the World Championships in Kazan, Russia, Saturday. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)

Bremerton’s Nathan Adrian is nominated for two Golden Goggle awards, the mixed 4×100 free relay and the men’s 4×100 medley relay from the World Championships earlier this year in Russia.

The mixed relay included an all-star cast in Ryan Lochte (48.79 split), Adrian (47.29), Simone Manuel (53.66) and Missy Franklin (53.31). The quartet came in in a world-record time of 3 minutes, 24.51 seconds. The U.S. was behind at various times throughout the race, but Adrian and Manuel pulled the Americans even with Russia and it was Franklin who surged home for the gold.

In the men’s medley, Adrian anchored the team that included Ryan Murphy (53.05), Kevin Cordes (58.88) and Tom Shields (50.59) to a gold in 3:29.93, just .15 seconds in front of Australia. The Americans trailed Great Britain and Australia after the breaststroke, but Shields’ strong butterfly leg put the U.S. ahead as Adrian took over. Adrian’s anchor time of 47.41 held off Cameron McEvoy of Australia in the final 10 meters.

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Adrian sets American record in semifinal of 50 free

Bremerton’s Nathan Adrian produced the world’s fastest time so far this year after dominating the first semifinal Friday of the 50-meter freestyle at the World Swimming Championships in Kazan, Russia.

Bremerton's Nathan Adrian celebrates after the first 50-meter freestyle semifinal at the World Swimming Championships in Kazan, Russia, Friday. Adrian set an American record in 21.37. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
Bremerton’s Nathan Adrian celebrates after the first 50-meter freestyle semifinal at the World Swimming Championships in Kazan, Russia, Friday. Adrian set an American record in 21.37.
(AP Photo/Michael Sohn)

Adrian blew away the rest of the field in 21.37 seconds and set an American record and personal best. The old record was 21.40 by Cullen Jones at the 2007 Worlds in Rome.

Florent Manaudou of France had the second-fastest time in 21.41 followed by Brazil’s Bruno Fratus in 21.60.

Adrian said he felt good going into the race and didn’t want to waste the opportunity so he just “went for it.”

“I wouldn’t want to walk away from this meet knowing I had more in me,” he said in an online interview with

He also knows the final will be fast with Manaudou, who Adrian considers the best 50 freestyler in the world, right next to him.

“It’ll be big,” he said. “I have my work cut out for me.”

The finals are Saturday morning local time.


Adrian second-fastest qualifier in 50 free semis

Maybe using a bit of frustration as motivation, Bremerton’s Nathan Adrian had the second-fastest qualifying time in the 50-meter freestyle at the World Swimming Championships in Kazan, Russia, late Thursday evening.

Adrian won his heat in 21.73 seconds. Florent Manaudou of France was the top qualifier in 21.71 seconds.

Adrian is coming off a disappointing finish in the 100 freestyle on Thursday, where he placed seventh. The semifinals/finals session begins at 7:30 a.m. locally.

Adrian off the podium in 100 free final at worlds championships

On Wednesday, Bremerton’s Nathan Adrian went out too fast in his first 50 meters of the 100 freestyle semifinals and faded in the final 50.

On Thursday, Adrian took a different tact and stayed with the pack in the final, but didn’t have the closing speed and wound up a surprising seventh place at the World Swimming Championships in Kazan, Russia.

Adrian tied with Pieter Timmers of Belgium in 48.31 seconds. Chinese newcomer Zetao Ning won in 47.84, followed by Australia’s Cameron McEvoy in 47.95 and Federico Grabich of Argentina took the bronze, 48.12.

Adrian went out in 23.11 in his opening 50 (he went 22.45 on Wednesday) and came back in 25.20 but it was clear Ning was going to win gold. Ning is the first Chinese male swimmer to win the event at worlds.

Adrian still has another individual event to go, the 50 freestyle, as well as the 400 medley relay. The prelims for the 50 begin at 11:30 p.m. locally Thursday.

Adrian qualifies for 100 free finals at worlds

United States' Nathan Adrian checks his time after a men's 100 freestyle heat at the World Championships in Kazan, Russia, Wednesday. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
United States’ Nathan Adrian checks his time after a men’s 100 freestyle heat at the World Championships in Kazan, Russia, Wednesday. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)

Bremerton’s Nathan Adrian, the defending Olympic champion in the 100 freestyle, will be going for his first World Championship when he takes to the water tomorrow in Kazan, Russia.

Adrian qualified in fifth with a time of 48.36 seconds in Wednesday’s semifinals at the Kazan Arena pool. Adrian had a strong first 50 meters in 22.45 seconds, including a great start off the block with a .67 second reaction time, but faded in the second 50 (25.91) as the rest of the field caught up to him. He finished fourth in the first heat. You can listen to him talk about the race via audio from Swimming World.

Adrian said in a post-race online interview with that the race was good, but it wasn’t as fast as what the swimmers in the 200 freestyle were producing.

“It doesn’t mean tomorrow’s not going to be fast,” he said.

Adrian said it’s time to go back to Team USA and rest and recover for the final.

“Just going to … prepare and try to be better,” he said.

Australia’s Cameron McEvoy had the top time, winning the first heat in 47.94 seconds, his first time under 48 seconds this year. China’s Zetao Ning was second in 48.13.

Russian favorite Vladimir Morozov was disqualified after jumping at the start off the block, sending a shudder of disappointment through the pro-Russian crowd. His reaction time was under .50 seconds.


Adrian slips into semifinals of 100 free at world championships

It took four days of waiting but Bremerton’s Nathan Adrian finally got into the competition pool at Kazan Arena in Russia early Wednesday morning at the FINA World Swimming Championships.

Adrian, swimming in the 11th of 12 heats, touched the wall in 48.61 to tie with Sebastiaan Verschuren of the Netherlands for seventh and qualified for the semifinals. The semis/finals session begins at 7:30 a.m. locally. Adrian led for the first 50 meters but then the rest of the field caught up as he finished fourth in the heat.

In a post-race online interview on, Adrian said it felt good to race.

“It’s exciting to be racing again,” he said. “It took until day 4 to get here.”

When asked what he thought of the semifinals field, Adrian smiled.

“I think it’s going to be really fun because it’s tense,” he said. “Not one guy that’s going to be the clear favorite to win. It’s going to take a great race from any one of us.”

Asked if he thought he’d make the podium, Adrian laughed and smiled again.

“I hope so,” he said.

Time zones are killing me

Nathan Adrian will swim in the prelims of the 100 freestyle at the FINA World Championships in Kazan, Russia, late Tuesday evening. (AP Photo/Bob Leverone)
Nathan Adrian will swim in the prelims of the 100 freestyle at the FINA World Championships in Kazan, Russia, late Tuesday evening. (AP Photo/Bob Leverone)

The only thing I dislike about covering international swimming events (note: I’m not in Russia. I haven’t covered an event since the Olympics in 2004 in Greece), is figuring out the time zone change from whichever country Nathan Adrian is swimming in to what time it is here in Bremerton and Pacific Daylight Savings time.

This time he’s half a world away in Kazan, Russia, for the FINA World Championships.

But, I did it.

Nathan will swim his first prelim, the 100 freestyle, starting tonight at 11:30 p.m. It’s actually 9:30 a.m. in Kazan. The semifinals/finals sessions begin for us at 7:30 a.m. (5:30 p.m. in Kazan). That means that Nathan will swim overnight and then, if everything goes according to plan, he’ll swim in the morning in the evening session.

I’m going to stay as up-to-date as I can on the blog and Twitter, you can follow me @AnnetteKSSports, late tonight and then I’ll update the blog in the morning following the evening session. It’s a little confusing, but that’s why I’m here. We’ll get through it together!

It looks like Nathan will be swimming every day from here on out at Worlds as he also has to swim the 50 free. I’d be hard-pressed to think he wouldn’t be on the medley relay on the final day.

AP Investigation: Olympic teams to swim, boat in Rio’s filth

This. Wow.

Great Associated Press investigative piece on the filthy waters in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a year out from the Olympics.

I don’t see how it’s possible at this point that the waters will be safe and clean for anyone in the next year. I can see this becoming a huge problem for Brazil and the IOC.

(And think about the millions of people, including children, subjected to this disgusting water right now!)

AP Investigation: Olympic teams to swim, boat in Rio’s filth
BRAD BROOKS, Associated Press
JENNY BARCHFIELD, Associated Press

RIO DE JANEIRO — Athletes competing in next year’s Summer Olympics here will be swimming and boating in waters so contaminated with human feces that they risk becoming violently ill and unable to compete in the games, an Associated Press investigation has found.

An AP analysis of water quality revealed dangerously high levels of viruses and bacteria from human sewage in Olympic and Paralympic venues — results that alarmed international experts and dismayed competitors training in Rio, some of whom have already fallen ill with fevers, vomiting and diarrhea.

It is the first independent comprehensive testing for both viruses and bacteria at the Olympic sites.

Brazilian officials have assured that the water will be safe for the Olympic athletes. But the government does not test for viruses.

Extreme water pollution is common in Brazil, where the majority of sewage is not treated. Raw waste runs through open-air ditches to streams and rivers that feed the Olympic water sites.

As a result, Olympic athletes are almost certain to come into contact with disease-causing viruses that in some tests measured up to 1.7 million times the level of what would be considered hazardous on a Southern California beach.

Despite decades of official pledges to clean up the mess, the stench of raw sewage still greets travelers touching down at Rio’s international airport. Prime beaches are deserted because the surf is thick with putrid sludge, and periodic die-offs leave the Olympic lake, Rodrigo de Freitas, littered with rotting fish.

“What you have there is basically raw sewage,” said John Griffith, a marine biologist at the Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Griffith examined the protocols, methodology and results of the AP tests.

“It’s all the water from the toilets and the showers and whatever people put down their sinks, all mixed up, and it’s going out into the beach waters. Those kinds of things would be shut down immediately if found here,” he said, referring to the U.S.

Vera Oliveira, head of water monitoring for Rio’s municipal environmental secretariat, said officials are not testing viral levels at the Olympic lake, the water quality of which is the city’s responsibility.

The other Olympic water venues are under the control of the Rio state environmental agency.

Leonardo Daemon, coordinator of water quality monitoring for the state’s environmental agency, said officials are strictly following Brazilian regulations on water quality, which are all based on bacteria levels, as are those of almost all nations.

“What would be the standard that should be followed for the quantity of virus? Because the presence or absence of virus in the water … needs to have a standard, a limit,” he said. “You don’t have a standard for the quantity of virus in relation to human health when it comes to contact with water.”

Olympic hopefuls will be diving into Copacabana’s surf this Saturday during a triathlon Olympic qualifier event, while rowers take to the lake’s water beginning Wednesday for the 2015 World Rowing Junior Championships. Test events for sailing and marathon swimming take place later in August.

Over 10,000 athletes from 205 nations are expected to compete in next year’s Olympics. Nearly 1,400 of them will be sailing in the waters near Marina da Gloria in Guanabara Bay, swimming off Copacabana beach, and canoeing and rowing on the brackish waters of the Rodrigo de Freitas Lake.

The AP commissioned four rounds of testing in each of those three Olympic water venues, and also in the surf off Ipanema Beach, which is popular with tourists but where no events will be held. Thirty-seven samples were checked for three types of human adenovirus, as well as rotavirus, enterovirus and fecal coliforms.

The AP viral testing, which will continue in the coming year, found not one water venue safe for swimming or boating, according to global water experts.

Instead, the test results found high counts of active and infectious human adenoviruses, which multiply in the intestinal and respiratory tracts of people. These are viruses that are known to cause respiratory and digestive illnesses, including explosive diarrhea and vomiting, but can also lead to more serious heart, brain and other diseases.

The concentrations of the viruses in all tests were roughly equivalent to that seen in raw sewage — even at one of the least-polluted areas tested, the Copacabana Beach, where marathon and triathlon swimming will take place and where many of the expected 350,000 foreign tourists may take a dip.

“Everybody runs the risk of infection in these polluted waters,” said Dr. Carlos Terra, a hepatologist and head of a Rio-based association of doctors specializing in the research and treatment of liver diseases.

Kristina Mena, a U.S. expert in risk assessment for waterborne viruses, examined the AP data and estimated that international athletes at all water venues would have a 99 percent chance of infection if they ingested just three teaspoons of water — though whether a person will fall ill depends on immunity and other factors.

Besides swimmers, athletes in sailing, canoeing and to a lesser degree rowing often get drenched when competing, and breathe in mist as well. Viruses can enter the body through the mouth, eyes, any orifice, or even a small cut.

The Rodrigo de Freitas Lake, which was largely cleaned up in recent years, was thought be safe for rowers and canoers. Yet AP tests found its waters to be among the most polluted for Olympic sites, with results ranging from 14 million adenoviruses per liter on the low end to 1.7 billion per liter at the high end.

By comparison, water quality experts who monitor beaches in Southern California become alarmed if they see viral counts reaching 1,000 per liter.

“If I were going to be in the Olympics,” said Griffith, the California water expert, “I would probably go early and get exposed and build up my immunity system to these viruses before I had to compete, because I don’t see how they’re going to solve this sewage problem.”



Ivan Bulaja, the Croatian-born coach of Austria’s 49er-class sailing team, has seen it firsthand. His sailors have lost valuable training days after falling ill with vomiting and diarrhea.

“This is by far the worst water quality we’ve ever seen in our sailing careers,” said Bulaja.

Training earlier this month in Guanabara Bay, Austrian sailor David Hussl said he and his teammates take precautions, washing their faces immediately with bottled water when they get splashed by waves and showering the minute they return to shore. And yet Hussl said he’s fallen ill several times.

“I’ve had high temperatures and problems with my stomach,” he said. “It’s always one day completely in bed and then usually not sailing for two or three days.”

It is a huge risk for the athletes, the coach said.

“The Olympic medal is something that you live your life for,” Bulaja said, “and it can really happen that just a few days before the competition you get ill and you’re not able to perform at all.”

Dr. Alberto Chebabo, who heads Rio’s Infectious Diseases Society, said the raw sewage has led to “endemic” public health woes among Brazilians, primarily infectious diarrhea in children.

By adolescence, he said, people in Rio have been so exposed to the viruses they build up antibodies. But foreign athletes and tourists won’t have that protection.

“Somebody who hasn’t been exposed to this lack of sanitation and goes to a polluted beach obviously has a much higher risk of getting infected,” Chebabo said.

An estimated 60 percent of Brazilian adults have been exposed to hepatitis A, said Terra, the Rio hepatologist. Doctors urge foreigners heading to Rio, whether athletes or tourists, to be vaccinated against hepatitis A. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recommends travelers to Brazil get vaccinated for typhoid.



The AP commissioned Fernando Spilki, a virologist and coordinator of the environmental quality program at Feevale University in southern Brazil, to conduct the water tests.

Spilki’s testing looked for three different types of human adenovirus that are typical “markers” of human sewage in Brazil. In addition, he tested for enteroviruses, the most common cause of upper respiratory tract infections in the young. He also searched for signs of rotavirus, the main cause of gastroenteritis globally.

The tests so far show that Rio’s waters “are chronically contaminated,” he said. “The quantity of fecal matter entering the waterbodies in Brazil is extremely high. Unfortunately, we have levels comparable to some African nations, to India.”

Griffith, the California expert, said the real concern isn’t for what Spilki actually measured, noting that “there are very likely to be nastier bugs in there that weren’t searched for and that are out there lurking.”

There is no lack of illness in Rio, but there is a severe shortage of health data related to dirty water, medical experts said.

The maladies often hit people hard, but most don’t go see a doctor, so no data is collected.

Globally, however, rotavirus accounts for about 2 million hospitalizations and over 450,000 deaths of children worldwide each year, according to the World Health Organization.

The AP testing found rotavirus on three separate occasions at Olympic sites — twice at the lake and once at a beach next to the Marina da Gloria, where sailors are expected to launch their boats.

Mena, an associate professor of public health at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and an expert in water quality, conducted what she called a “conservative” risk assessment for Olympic athletes participating in water sports in Rio, assuming they would ingest 16 milliliters of water, or three teaspoons — far less than athletes themselves say they take in.

She found “an infection risk of 99 percent,” she said.

“Given those viral concentration levels, do I think somebody should be exposed to those amounts? The answer is no.”

The AP also measured fecal coliform bacteria, single-celled organisms that live in the intestines of humans and animals. Fecal coliforms can suggest the presence of cholera, dysentery, hepatitis A and typhoid.

In 75 percent of the samples taken at the Olympic lake, the number of fecal coliforms exceeded Brazil’s legal limit for “secondary contact,” such as boating or rowing — in two samples spiking to over 10 times the accepted level. The Marina da Gloria venue exceeded the limit only once, while at Rio’s most popular tourist beach, Ipanema, fecal coliforms tested at three times the acceptable level in a single sample. At Copacabana, the AP tests found no violations of fecal coliform counts.

Fecal coliforms have long been used by most governments as a marker to determine whether bodies of water are polluted because they are relatively easy and cheap to test and find. Brazil uses only bacterial testing when determining water quality.

In Rio, the fecal coliform levels were not as astronomical as the viral numbers the AP found. That gap is at the heart of a global debate among water experts, many of whom are pushing governments to adopt viral as well as bacterial testing to determine if recreational waters are safe.

That’s because fecal coliform bacteria from sewage can survive only a short time in water, especially in the salty and sunny conditions around Rio. Human adenoviruses have been shown to last several months, with some studies even indicating they can last years.

That means that even if Rio magically collected and treated all its sewage tomorrow, its waters would stay polluted for a long time.



In its Olympic bid, Rio officials vowed the games would “regenerate Rio’s magnificent waterways” through a $4 billion government expansion of basic sanitation infrastructure.

It was the latest in a long line of promises that have already cost Brazilian taxpayers more than $1 billion — with very little to show for it.

Rio’s historic sewage problem spiraled over the past decades as the population exploded, with many of the metropolitan area’s 12 million residents settling in the vast hillside slums that ring the bay.

Waste flows into more than 50 streams that empty into the once-crystalline Guanabara Bay. An eye-watering stench emanates from much of the bay and its palm-lined beaches, which were popular swimming spots as late as the 1970s but are now perpetually off-limits for swimmers.

Tons of household trash — margarine tubes, deflated soccer balls, waterlogged couches and washing machines — line the shore and form islands of refuse.

Starting in 1993, Japan’s international cooperation agency poured hundreds of millions of dollars into a Guanabara cleanup project. The Inter-American Development Bank issued $452 million in loans for more works.

A culture of mismanagement stymied any progress. For years, none of four sewage treatment plants built with the Japanese funds operated at full capacity. One of the plants in the gritty Duque de Caxias neighborhood didn’t treat a drop of waste from its construction in 2000 through its inauguration in 2014. For 14 years, it wasn’t connected to the sewage mains.

By then, the Japanese agency rated the project as “unsatisfactory,” with “no significant improvements in the water quality of the bay.”

As part of its Olympic project, Brazil promised to build eight treatment facilities to filter out much of the sewage and prevent tons of household trash from flowing into the Guanabara Bay. Only one has been built.

The fluorescent green lagoons that hug the Olympic Park and which the government’s own data shows are among the most polluted waters in Rio were to be dredged, but the project got hung up in bureaucratic hurdles and has yet to start.

“Brazilian authorities promised the moon in order to win their Olympic bid and as usual they’re not making good on those promises,” said Mario Moscatelli, a biologist who has spent 20 years lobbying for a cleanup of Rio’s waterways. “I’m sad but not surprised.”

As the clock ticks down, local officials have dialed back their promises. Rio Gov. Luiz Fernando Pezao has acknowledged “there’s not going to be time” to finish the cleanup of the bay ahead of the games.

Rio Mayor Eduardo Paes has said it’s a “shame” the Olympic promises wouldn’t be met, adding the games are proving “a wasted opportunity” as far as the waterways are concerned.

But the Rio Olympic organizing committee’s website still states that a key legacy of the games will be “the rehabilitation and protection of the area’s environment, particularly its bays and canals” in areas where water sports will take place.


Associated Press sports writer Stephen Wade and senior producer Yesica Fisch contributed to this report.

Croatia and World Championship schedule

Judging by the photos posted on Instagram and Facebook by the U.S. National team members, they are loving their stay in Opatia, Croatia for the overseas training camp before the pool competition of the World Championships begin Sunday.

Bremerton’s Olympic champion Nathan Adrian posted this picture Monday on his Facebook page of the swimming venue. Not a bad place to train I sup11813257_1069781363052908_5253569831081195579_npose…

Also, here’s a link to the TV schedule for the championships, which will be on both Universal Sports (live and NBC (taped, of course).

All times listed on the link are Eastern times, but for us in Kitsap (and the West-best Coast) the live broadcast Monday-Friday starts at 7:30 a.m. and the taped portion is Saturday at noon and Sunday at 11:30 a.m.



IOC confirms swimming finals will be late night for Rio 2016

As with everything these days, money talks and NBC wants the finals competition of swimming and beach volleyball to be on during primetime of the Rio Olympics in 2016.

Whether or not that’s good for the athletes is of little concern to NBC, the International Olympic Committee or FINA. the IOC confirmed Friday that the finals for both of the popular events in the upcoming Games will run from 10 p.m.-midnight (Rio local time, about seven hours ahead of Pacific time) while beach volleyball may not start until after midnight.

That means there will be 13 hours between the typical morning sessions (now afternoon) and the evening sessions. That takes a toll on swimmers with the longer wait time. I mean, you can only nap and eat for so long.

Glad to hear at least someone (officials with the Australian Olympic Committee) protested the obvious pressure by NBC toward the IOC.

Here’s the story from Associated Press writer Stephen Wilson;

MONACO — Swimmers and beach volleyball players will be competing in the midnight hour at the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.

The International Olympic Committee and Brazilian organizers confirmed Friday that the competition schedule includes late-night sessions in the two sports — swimming finals running from 10 p.m. local time to midnight, and some beach volleyball matches starting at midnight on Copacabana Beach.

The times are geared toward NBC’s night-time coverage in the United States, as well as Brazilian TV’s tradition of showing sports events at late hours. Rio will be one hour ahead of U.S. eastern time during the games.

“The Olympic Games are a global event that is seen around the world and the schedule has to work around the world to give the best showcase for each sport,” IOC spokesman Mark Adams said. “It’s quite a balance. They seem to have reached a conclusion that suits everybody.”

The IOC executive board also praised Rio’s progress in tackling the delays that had put the Olympics at risk a few months ago, saying the crisis has eased but that there still is no time to lose with the games less than two years away.

“I’m 100 percent confident that we will get the venues that we need ready in time,” said the IOC’s executive director of the Olympic Games, Christophe Dubi. “There is nothing today where we say, ‘Whoa, this test event is at risk’, or, for that matter, the games.”

Putting together the sports competition timetable for an Olympics is always a challenge of meeting requests of broadcasters and sports federations. The International Association of Athletics Federations announced this month that it will hold some Rio track-and-field finals in the morning for the first time since 1988.

Swimming and beach volleyball, meanwhile, are going for late-night competition.

Australian Olympic Committee officials have objected to holding the swimming finals so late, complaining that the move was taken under pressure from U.S. broadcasters and would mean some medals would be decided after midnight.

Swimming governing body FINA and other officials said the following day’s heats will be moved from the usual morning hours to 1 p.m., meaning swimmers will have 13 hours between sessions.

“We need to organize a schedule that the television asks, together with the international federations,” Rio organizing committee head Carlos Nuzman said. “They decided with us. We have no problems with this. It will be good for the athletes.”

Rio’s overall preparations for the Olympics reached a crisis stage in May when sports federations and the IOC voiced concerns that the games were in jeopardy because of chronic delays.

The IOC introduced special measures, including assigning veteran administrator Gilbert Felli to work with organizers in Brazil.

While concerns remain over pollution in the Rio bay that will host sailing events, delays in construction of the main broadcast center and legal wrangling over the golf course, the IOC said the situation has much improved.

IOC vice president John Coates of Australia, who a few months ago publicly called Rio’s preparations the “worst” he had ever experienced, told the Brazilians on Friday that “great progress had been made,” Adams said.

“There are 20 months to go and we are in that phase with all games, less than two years to go, when it’s really about delivery now,” Adams said.

On Saturday, the IOC board will review preparations for the 2018 Winter Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea, where a dispute over construction costs has raised concerns about the project.

The two-day board meeting in Monaco comes ahead of a two-day session of the full IOC that will vote on President Thomas Bach’s 40-point reform program, including changes to the bidding process and sports program and creation of an Olympic television channel.