I’m amused by this looping video, which shows a bear waiting for
a fish to appear. In the background, a wolf reaches down
nonchalantly, bites into a large salmon and carries it away.
Not long ago, it was widely believed that bears love salmon but
that wolves prefer deer, elk, moose and related animals whenever
they can find them. Now we know, from careful observations in
Alaska, that wolves will go after salmon when they get the
Researcher Dave Person of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game
says wolves will seek out tidally affected streams where they can
find salmon passing through shallow water and trapped in pools.
“They’re not as skillful as bears at fishing,” Person told Riley
Woodford, reporting for
Alaska Fish and Wildlife News. “Each year, they spend over a
month in estuary areas, with the pups. It’s right in middle of pink
and chum runs, and we watch them eat salmon all the time. There are
lots of places they could go; I think they go there for the
Based on the video, I would have to say that wolves are pretty
good at catching fish upstream as well.
Salmon may have gone unnoticed as a staple in the wolves’ diet,
because the entire salmon, bones and all, are digested by wolves,
leaving no signs of fish in their scat — unlike the bones and fur
discovered after they eat a deer or other mammal.
Another Alaskan biologist, Shelly Szepanski, has been studying
the stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen in wolf bones to see
whether the bones are made of elements that come from the land or
the sea. She found that salmon appeared to make up as much as 20
percent of the diet of wolves living in coastal areas of Southeast
Alaska, compared to 10 percent of those living farther inland.
As I continued to look at the video of the bear and wolf fishing
for salmon, I wondered if they ever interacted and how things might
turn out in a head-to-head fight. I was able to find a video that
demonstrates that a bear might get the best of a wolf in a
one-on-one battle, but we can never forget that wolves often travel
in packs. If you watch to the end, you will see who takes charge of
the meal in question.
Speaking of fights, I am still amazed at the video below, which
shows a leopard swimming across a stretch of water, grabbing onto a
crocodile and dragging it back into the water. I never would have
guessed that a croc could be defeated in or around water like that
— but it looks like he never saw the cat coming until it was too
Climate change appears to be altering the flow characteristics
of Puget Sound salmon streams, and the outcome could be an
increased risk of extinction for chinook salmon, according to a new
I’ve long been interested in how new housing and commercial
development brings more impervious surfaces, such as roads,
driveways and roofs. The effect is to decrease the amount of water
that infiltrates into the ground and to increase surface flows into
Stormwater experts talk about how streams become “flashy,” as
flows rise quickly when it rains then drop back to low levels,
because less groundwater is available to filter into the
The new study, reported in the journal “Global
Change Biology,” suggests that something similar may be
happening with climate change but for somewhat different
Climate models predict that rains in the Puget Sound region will
become more intense, thus causing streams to rise rapidly even in
areas where stormwater is not an issue. That seems to be among the
recent findings by researchers with NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries
Science Center and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife:
“Over the last half century, river flows included in our
analysis have become more variable — particularly in winter — and
these changes are a stronger predictor of chinook population growth
than changes in average winter flows or climate signals in the
“While other impacts to this ecosystem, such as habitat
degradation, may be hypothesized as responsible for these trends in
flow variation, we found support for increasing flow variation in
high-altitude rivers with relatively low human impacts.”
Joseph Anderson of WDFW, an author of the report, told me that
chinook salmon, listed as threatened under the Endangered Species
Act, may be particularly vulnerable to dramatic changes in
streamflows. That’s because spawning chinook tend to show up before
winter storms arrive — when the rivers at their lowest levels. The
fish are forced to lay their eggs in a portion of the river that
will undergo the most forceful flows once the rains begin to
High flows can scour eggs out of the gravel and create serious
problems for emerging fry, Joe said. Other factors may come into
play, but the researchers found a strong correlation between the
sudden variation in streamflows and salmon survival.
In the lower elevations, where development is focused, flow
variability could result from both impervious surfaces on the land
and more intense rainstorms. Efforts to infiltrate stormwater into
the ground will become even more important as changes in climate
bring more intense storms.
Stormwater management is an issue I’ve written about for years,
including parts of last year’s series called “Taking the Pulse of
Puget Sound.” See
Kitsap Sun, July 16, 2014. Rain gardens, pervious pavement and
infiltration ponds are all part of a growing strategy to increase
groundwater while reducing the “flashiness” of streams.
Other strategies involve restoring rivers to a more natural
condition by rebuilding side channels and flood plains to divert
excess water when streams are running high.
According to the report’s findings, the variability of winter
flows has increased for 16 of the 20 rivers studied, using data
from the U.S. Geological Survey. The only rivers showing less
variability were the Cedar, Duwamish, Upper Skagit and
The effect of this streamflow variability was shown to be a more
critical factor for chinook survival and growth than peak, total or
average streamflow. Also less of a factor were ocean conditions,
such as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and related ocean
Eric Ward, of Northwest Fisheries Science Center and lead author
on the study, said many researchers have focused attention on how
higher water temperatures will affect salmon as climate change
progresses. High-temperature and drought conditions in California,
for example, could damage the organs of salmon, such as their
Salmon swimming up the Columbia River and its tributaries could
encounter dangerously warm waters as they move east into areas
growing more arid. Some salmon species are more vulnerable to
temperature, while streamflow may be more important for others.
Coho salmon, for example, spend their first summer in freshwater,
which makes extreme low levels a critical factor.
Eric told me that further studies are looking into how various
conditions can affect each stage of a salmon’s life, conditions
that vary by species. One goal is to build complex life-cycle
models for threatened species, such as chinook and steelhead, to
determine their needs under the more extreme conditions we can
expect in the future.
Big money is beginning to come together for planning,
engineering and design of major restoration projects along the
Skokomish River. If approved by Congress, the cost of construction
could exceed $40 million — a lot of money to you and me, but maybe
not so much for the Army Corps of Engineers.
Last week, the state’s Salmon Recovery Funding Board approved
grants for more than 100 projects in 29 counties throughout the
state. The total, from state and federal sources, was about $18
million for this round of funding.
Mason County was one of the big winners this time, receiving
$1.25 million for seven projects, including a $360,000 contribution
to planning and engineering for transformative projects on the
Skokomish. The total cost for a “35-percent level of design” is
expected to be $2.45 million, mostly from the Corps of Engineers.
That level of design is needed to give top officials in the Corps
and members of Congress a good idea of cost before they commit to
the massive undertaking along the Skok.
I’ll address the specific Skokomish River projects, along with
new information from the Corps, in a separate blog post to come.
For now, I’d like to describe other projects approved in the latest
round of SRF Board funding.
In addition to the design work on the Skokomish, the Mason
Conservation District will move ahead with the construction of 21
man-made logjams in the Holman Flats area along the South Fork of
the Skokomish. That is an area that was logged and cleared in
preparation for a dam that was never built.
The clearing destabilized the river and degraded salmon habitat
for more than a mile downstream. The logjams will add structure to
the river and create places for fish to hide and rest, ultimately
improving the channel itself. The $362,000 from the SRF Board will
be supplemented with another $900,000 in grants.
Beards Cove, $297,000: This project, outside of
Belfair on Hood Canal, will remove fill, structures and invasive
plants and restore the grade to the way it was before development
in 1973. The project will restore about a quarter-mile of natural
shoreline and seven acres of tidal marsh. Along with a separate
seven-acre land-preservation agreement and other efforts, about 1.7
miles of Hood Canal shoreline will be preserved forever. Great
Peninsula Conservancy will use a separate $491,000 grant from the
state’s Estuary and Salmon Restoration Program.
Allyn Shoreline, $14,000: Mason Conservation
District will complete final designs to enhance 480 feet of
shoreline along Case Inlet in Allyn, including removal of about 120
feet of bulkhead.
Likes Creek, $85,000: South Puget Sound Salmon
Enhancement Group will remove a culvert under the Simpson railroad
that blocks salmon migration on Likes Creek, a major tributary of
Goldsborough Creek. Another grant will provide $43,000 for the
project, and Mason County will assist with removal of another
Goldsborough Creek, $111,000: Capitol Land
Trust will buy 420 acres on the North Fork of Goldsborough Creek
near Shelton. The property provides habitat for endangered salmon
and steelhead. The land trust will contribute $20,000 in donated
Oakland Bay, $24,000: Capitol Land Trust will
use the money to remove invasive and dead vegetation and maintain
12 acres of shoreline plantings on Deer, Cranberry and Malaney
creeks. About $5,000 in donations will be added.
Three projects were funded in Kitsap County:
Springbrook Creek, $62,000: Bainbridge Island
Land Trust will assess the creek’s watershed and design five
salmon-habitat projects for one of the island’s most productive
streams. The land trust will contribute $11,000 in donations of
Curley Creek, $33,000: Great Peninsula
Conservancy will assess how to protect salmon habitat in Curley
Creek in South Kitsap, one of the largest salmon and steelhead
streams in the area. The conservancy will contribute $6,000 in
donations of labor.
Steelhead assessment, $50,000: Kitsap County
will analyze existing information on steelhead habitat in the East
Kitsap region, south to the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, to help with a
recovery plan for the threatened fish. The county will contribute
Other notable projects include the following in King,
Snohomish, Thurston and Whatcom counties:
Mill Creek, $327,000: The city of Kent will
built a floodplain wetland off Mill Creek near the confluence with
the Green River, an important stream for chinook salmon and
steelhead as well as coho, chum and pink salmon and cutthroat
trout. The project includes the construction of 1,000 feet of new
off-channel habitat, where salmon can find refuge and food during
floods, and 43 log structures. Work also will restore seven acres
of native vegetation. A local grant will provide $1.4 million.
Stillaguamish River floodplain, $402,000: The
Stillaguamish Tribe will purchase 200 acres on the North Fork and
main stem of the river, remove invasive plants and restore about 25
acres of riverbank with native vegetation.
Black River wetland, $90,000: Capitol Land
Trust Grant will buy 54 acres to conserve a rare wetland unique to
the Black River and protect 1.3 miles of side channel. The property
is adjacent to 75 acres already protected by the land trust in the
Black River Sub-basin, one of the largest remaining wetland systems
in Western Washington.
Nooksack River logjams: The Nooksack Tribe will
receive $320,000 for logjams in the South Fork Nooksack and
$283,000 for the North Fork Nooksack. Eight logjams in each stream
will slow the river and provide resting pools for salmon. Federal
grants will add $56,000 in the South Fork and $60,000 in the North
In announcing the $18 million in salmon-restoration grants
statewide, Gov. Jay Inslee commented:
“Salmon are important to Washington because they support
thousands of jobs in Washington — fishing, seafood-processing, boat
sales and repair, tourism, and more. When we restore land and water
for salmon, we also are helping our communities. We get less
flooding, cleaner water and better beaches. We also make sure that
our grandchildren will be able to catch a fish or enjoy watching
the return of wild salmon.”
Funding for the grants comes from the sale of state bonds
approved by the Legislature along with the Pacific Coastal Salmon
Recovery Fund, approved by Congress and administered by the
National Marine Fisheries Service.
David Trout, who chairs the SRF Board, said the restoration
projects are a lifeline for salmon:
“Without these grants that fund incredible projects, we wouldn’t
have any salmon. That’s unacceptable. We’ve seen these grants make
a difference. They create jobs, support local communities and their
involvement in salmon recovery, and most importantly the projects
are helping bring back the fish.
“After more than a decade of work, we’ve seen that in many areas
of the state, salmon populations are increasing or staying the
same. At the same time, we still have some important areas where
fish populations are continuing to decline. We can’t get
discouraged and must continue working at this. It’s too important
to stop now.”
Prompted by stream biologist Jon Oleyar. my grandson, Kevin
Jeffries, and I visited Gorst Creek today during a break in the
As I reported in
Water Ways yesterday, Jon, who counts salmon for the Suquamish
Tribe, had observed an unusual number of coho salmon swimming
upstream in Gorst Creek.
Because of heavy rains, the creek was running high and very fast
this afternoon, and the waters were a muddy brown. In fact, the
sediment load was so heavy that we spotted only a few fish swimming
upstream. We suspected that a lot of them were hunkered down in
deep pools, waiting for the flows to decline and the stream to
become more passable.
Although we did not see a lot of fish, it was exciting to watch
coho salmon trying to jump up into an outlet pipe that discharges
water from the salmon-rearing raceways in the park. Coho, wearing
their spawning colors of red, are known as jumping fish, but these
guys were going nowhere fast. Check out the video on this page.
I’m looking forward to returning to the stream after the rains
decline and the waters clear up a little bit. The coho may or may
not be gone by then, but Jon expects that we should be able to see
chum salmon in Gorst Creek at least until Christmas.
Gorst Creek is the place to go right now when looking for
migrating salmon — not only chum but also coho, all decked out in
their bright-red spawning colors, according to Jon Oleyar, who
surveys East Kitsap streams for the Suquamish Tribe.
Jon called me last night with the news the coho, which adds some
excitement to the salmon-watching experience.
Coho often hide along the stream edges, making them hard to
spot. That’s why I generally focus the attention of salmon watchers
on the more abundant chum, which race right up the middle of the
streams. But it’s great when coho add themselves to the mix.
Jon reported that the coho can be seen easily in Gorst Creek at
Otto Jarstad Park off Belfair Valley Road.
“There are a ton of fish in there,” he said, “and there are a
lot of coho, bright red.”
He said there were also plenty of chum, some that have been in
the stream awhile and others that have just arrived.
Bremerton Public Works officials, who manage the park, have not
objected to people parking outside the park gate and walking into
the park, where salmon-viewing platforms were built along the
stream by the Kitsap Poggie Club.
One good spot, Jon said, is near a pipe where water from the
nearby salmon-rearing operation pours out into the stream. Salmon
seem to get confused and try to jump up into the pipe before
heading on upstream.
Gorst Creek contains one of the latest chum runs on the Kitsap
Peninsula, and people may be able to see salmon there until the end
of the year. I often tell local residents that Jarstad Park is a
good place to take out-of-town visitors during the holidays.
That’s especially the case this year, when the chum run in the
Chico Creek system has basically run its course. The peak of the
run typically comes at Thanksgiving, but this year it was about two
weeks early, Jon tells me. While this year’s run was a decent size,
he said, the stream right now is mostly a “smelly graveyard.”
“It is one of the earliest runs I’ve seen here,” he said of the
Chico chum. “To have everything dead by Thanksgiving is very
Another possibility for seeing salmon is Dogfish Creek, which
runs through Poulsbo. “There might be a few stragglers in Dogfish
Creek,” Jon said.
It’s not too late to take a look at any of the viewing spots
listed on my salmon
viewing map of the Kitsap Peninsula, but don’t go in with high
hopes of seeing a lot of salmon at this time of year. Gorst, it
appears, is the one sure bet at the moment. (The map also contains
tips for observing salmon, which can be easily spooked.)
It’s worth noting that the rains this fall continue to be nearly
ideal for the salmon, coming in with just enough intensity and
frequency to keep the streams flowing at a good level without
flooding. I covered this issue in
Water Ways on Oct. 31.
“It has been perfect for salmon,” Jon told me yesterday. “Those
early storms brought up the streams, and the fish that were coming
in early had plenty of water.”
When the rains eventually dropped off, springs created by those
rains kept the streams flowing until the next rains arrived. As a
result, salmon were able to distribute themselves as far upstream
as they could go. That does not happen every year.
A torrential downpour could still cause flooding and disrupt
salmon eggs incubating in the gravel, but for now things look good
on the Kitsap Peninsula.
As for total rainfall, we were on a record pace for the month of
October across most of the Kitsap Peninsula, as I reported in
Water Ways at the end of last month. But, as you can see from
the charts below, we dropped off the record pace in early November
but remain above average for the water year, which begins Oct.
The “salmon cannon,” a pneumatic-tube device destined to replace
some fish ladders, got plenty of serious attention this fall from
various news organizations.
You may have seen demonstrations by the inventor, Whoosh Innovations of Bellevue, that
showed adult salmon shooting unharmed through flexible tubes. For
dramatic effect, some videos showed the salmon flying out the end
of the tube and splashing into water. Among those who found the
device amusing were commentators for
“CBS This Morning” and “Red Eye” on
For a laugh, comedian John Oliver recently took the idea in a
different direction, aiming his personal salmon cannon at
celebrities including Jon Stuart, Jimmy Fallon and… Well, if you
haven’t seen the video (above), I won’t spoil it for you.
All this attention has been a surprise for Vince Bryan, CEO for
Whooshh, who told Vancouver
Columbian reporter Eric Florip that he has spoken with hundreds
of news organizations and potential customers from throughout the
“It was a nice boost because it says one thing, that people care
a lot about the fish, and two, that there really is a need,” Bryan
was quoted as saying.
A good description of the potential applications for the “salmon
cannon” was written by reporter Laura Geggel of
Live Science. Meanwhile,
Reuters produced a nice animation showing how the tube works.
And a video on the Whooshh
Innovations YouTube channel, shown below, provides a clear
demonstration how the transport system can work for both humans and
The on-and-off rains over the past two weeks are nearly perfect
for both spawning salmon and for recharging shallow groundwater
supplies, experts say.
For October, total rainfall ranges from about 5 inches at
Hansville to 12 inches at Holly, according to rain gauges managed
by the Kitsap Public
Utility District. Fortunately, those rains have not been
delivered to us in only a few days.
The intermittent nature of October rains has allowed the streams
to maintain their flows without flooding. They’ve also allowed
infiltration into the ground without excessive runoff.
“It is the good kind of rain,” said Bob Hunter, interim manager
of Kitsap PUD. “We’ve had a couple of days when we’ve had 2-plus
inches, but we haven’t seen the streams flash.”
In other words, the streams have not risen excessively fast. Bob
attributes that to how dry the ground was before the rains began.
Soils were able to absorb much of the early rainfall before
stormwater runoff began to increase. Pauses between the rainstorms
allowed more of the water to soak into the ground.
“It just goes to show you the variability that we have around
here,” Bob told me.
October marks the beginning of the 2015 “water year.” Although
we are just a month into the start of the year, the rainfall has
been closely tracking all-time highs at some rain gauges —
including Holly, which has been monitored since 1999. (See charts
Meanwhile, the rain pattern in October was nearly perfect for
salmon, said Jon Oleyar of the Suquamish Tribe, who walks the East
Kitsap streams to count migrating salmon as they arrive.
“It seems like we’ve had storms coming in every couple of days,
so they are not right on top of each other,” Jon said. “That gives
the streams some time to recede.”
When there is not adequate flow, the salmon often wait for the
streams to rise. On the other hand, too much flow can wash salmon
eggs out of the streambed.
Last week’s rains got the chum salmon moving into most of the
East Kitsap streams, Jon told me.
“I checked Chico Creek on Wednesday, and there were almost
11,000 fish in there and going up about as far as they can get,” he
A good escapement for the Chico Creek system is between 12,000
and 15,000 chum, and there is still more than a month left —
assuming a typical timing of the run, he said. But things are
looking a little different this year, he noted, and the bulk of the
run may have arrived already.
One indication that timing could be different this year is that
Gorst Creek already has a fair number of chum salmon — perhaps 500
— yet the Gorst Creek run usually comes in later and continues well
Is it possible that all or most of the salmon runs are coming in
early? It’s a question that only time will answer.
Jon told me that he’s a bit water-logged at the moment, trying
to count fish in the rain with the streams running high.
“I’m pretty happy about it,” Jon said. “I have my fish up where
they need to be, but it’s just hard to count them right now. If
you’re a fish, this is really working for you.”
In the charts below, found on the Kitsap PUD’s website, you can
see that October’s rainfall has been tracking the record high
rainfall at these stations. Of course, the “water year” has barely
begun, so anything can happen. (Click on images to enlarge.)
Poulsbo’s Fish Park will have a variety of experts on hand
Saturday to talk about the salmon run in Dogfish Creek and other
North Kitsap streams, as well as restoration efforts taking place
throughout the region.
Fun and educational activities for kids are part of the event,
which will go from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. My description of
salmon-viewing events on Saturday had the wrong date for the event.
Check out the flyer posted by
Poulsbo Parks and Recreation.
Paul Dorn, a biologist with the Suquamish Tribe, said the best
bet to see salmon in the creek will be earlier in the day, as the
tide will be incoming. Natural organic compounds called tannins
tend to color the water brown, so it is not always easy to spot
migrating salmon in the lower part of Dogfish Creek. If you miss
them at Fish Park, it may be worth a trip to Valley Nursery off
Bond Road, where I’ve often had luck seeing salmon.
“We just finished a wonderful restoration project,” Paul told
me, describing the installation of woody debris and gravel on a
tributary of Dogfish Creek at Fish Park. It’s a small stream, he
said, but it’s good rearing habitat for juvenile coho salmon and
cutthroat trout, and adult salmon can go up the stream when the
flows are high.
Salmon events are scheduled the following Saturday, Nov. 8:
Cowling Creek Center, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., 20345 Miller Bay
Chico Salmon Viewing Park, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., adjacent to
Kitsap Golf and Country Club, www.ext100.wsu.edu/kitsap.
Mountaineers Rhododendron Preserve, 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., with
walking tours at 10 a.m., 11:30 a.m. and 1 p.m.,
For a map of accessible salmon-viewing locations with videos
that describe each spot, go to Kitsap Peninsula Salmon
Watching. While there, check out the tips for successful
This week’s report about Puget Sound’s endangered killer whales
contained little new information, but the intent was not to
surprise people with important new findings.
The report (PDF 14.3 mb), published by the Northwest Fisheries
Science Center, was a nice summary of 10 years of research and
ongoing efforts to unlock the secrets of the mysterious Southern
NOAA also released the video, at right, which sums up the report
with great visuals. Make sure you go full-screen.
On Wednesday, I participated in a telephone conference call to
link reporters with killer whale experts in our region. On the line
were Lynne Barre, Mike Ford and Brad Hanson, all with NOAA
Fisheries out of Seattle. I’ve been wrapped up with other reporting
assignments, so the Kitsap Sun’s editors chose to run a solid story
by Associated Press reporter Phuong Le. See
Kitsap Sun, June 25.
Let me make a few quick observations:
Lynne Barre said one of the greatest mysteries,
to her, is why killer whales suddenly go missing. It’s a vexing
problem, and I always get a little nervous when the whales return
in the spring. One year, six of the Southern Residents failed to
show up. It was a real blow to the close-knit orca community and to
the struggling population, and I’ve never forgotten the dismay of
everyone who cared about these animals.
Healthy killer whales seem to go missing as often as elderly or
sick ones. Only a few bodies ever wash up on the beach. Even when
one is found, the cause of death often remains uncertain, as in the
case of L-112, found to have died of “blunt-force trauma” from some
Much more needs to be learned about disease in the animals,
Lynne said. Future research could involve more tissue biopsies and
breath samples in an effort to identify early signs of disease.
For Brad Hanson, another mystery is the whales’
seemingly unpredictable behavior and their “fundamental
relationship with prey.” We all assume that their primary goal in
life is to find fish to eat, but how good are they at this
essential task? Pretty good, I would guess. Often before we learn
that chinook are abundant off the Washington Coast, we find out
that the killer whales are already there.
Maybe the reason the whales have been spending so much time away
from Puget Sound the last couple years lies in the lower returns of
Fraser River chinook, which pass through the San Juan Islands in
the summer. Scale and fecal samples have shown that Fraser River
chinook are the most consistent prey of the resident orcas.
In previous conversations, Brad has told me that he would love
to communicate with the whales, to find out who is in charge and
why a group of animals may suddenly turn around and go in the
opposite direction. Howard Garrett of Orca Network recalls a time
when all three Southern Resident pods were in the Strait of Juan de
Fuca heading into Puget Sound. Suddenly K and L pod turned back,
while J pod continued on. Howie says it was as if they knew there
were not enough fish for the entire population, so J pod went on
alone, saying, “See ya later.”
Mike Ford wants to know why the population has
not increased more than it has. Could it be some limitation in the
ecosystem, such as the fact that other marine mammals — such as
seals and sea lions — have been increasing and taking a sizable
bite out of the available salmon population? We know that Northern
Residents, who also eat fish, don’t overlap territories much with
the Southern Residents. Living up north, the Northern Residents
have better access to some salmon stocks — including those that
originate in Puget Sound. If the Northern Residents get to them
first, the fish are not available for the Southern Residents — or
so goes one hypotheses. The Northern Resident population has
tripled in size, while the Southern Residents have stayed about the
Oddly enough, this potential competition for chinook salmon
reminds me of exactly what is taking place with regard to
commercial fishing enterprises. Washington fishermen complain that
the Canadians are taking salmon that should get back to Washington.
Canadian fishermen complain that Alaskans are taking salmon bound
for Canada. Only Alaskan fishermen — and those who go to Alaska to
fish — can catch a portion of the salmon going into Alaskan rivers
as well as some destined to travel south.
One of the new things that did come up in
Wednesday’s conference call was a renewed effort for U.S. killer
whale biologists and managers to work with their counterparts in
Canada. “We will be partnering with them on issues of salmon
fisheries and how that may affect the whales,” Lynn said, adding
that other cross-border efforts could involve vessel regulations
and targeted research efforts.
During Wednesday’s conference call, nobody talked about the
potential effects of military activities and the possible injury
from Navy sonar until a reporter brought up the issue. The question
was referred to NOAA Fisheries headquarters in Silver Spring, Md.,
where officials review the Navy’s operations and issue incidental
take permits. That was the end of that discussion.
I know the Navy is conducting research in an effort to reduce
harm to killer whales and other marine mammals. I get the sense,
however, that more could be done immediately if connections were
made between knowledgeable killer whale researchers in our region
and those making decisions on the opposite side of the country.
I was saddened to hear of the death of Larry Rutter, senior
policy assistant in the Sustainable Fisheries Division at the
National Marine Fisheries Service and a U.S. commissioner on the
Pacific Salmon Commission.
Larry, 61, was one of the folks who taught me the basics of
salmon management more than 20 years ago. He kept me informed
through some difficult negotiations over salmon harvest allocations
between the U.S. and Canadian governments.
Technically, he was very sharp. Personally, he was patient and
I am pleased that Long Live the Kings has created a Larry Rutter
Legacy Fund to carry out his wish for remembrances connected to the
Salish Sea Marine Survival Project, an effort he helped coordinate
across the border between LLTK and the Pacific Salmon Foundation in
“It was due in no small part to Larry’s influence that LLTK and
PSF were awarded a $5-million grant from the Pacific Salmon
Commission’s Southern Fund Committee in 2013 for the Salish Sea
Marine Survival Project,” said LLTK Executive Director Jacques
White in a
statement. “Without his vision and dedication, we simply would
not be where we are today.”
To donate to the Larry Rutter Legacy Fund, scroll to the bottom
of the Long
Live the Kings page on the topic.
Larry was a graduate of South Kitsap High School and the
University of Washington. He worked for the Point No Point Treaty
Council and Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission before taking the
job with NMFS (NOAA Fisheries). His obituary in
The Olympian says Larry died last Thursday of pancreatic