Killer whales were back in Puget Sound today, spotted early this
morning near Vashon Island, in the afternoon near Seattle and after
dark near Point No Point in North Kitsap. Reports can be seen on
Network’s Facebook page.
It’s a reminder that chum salmon are now running in Puget Sound,
and the whales are close behind. The chum also are entering our
local streams. So this is the time to visit your nearest salmon
stream to see if the fish have arrived. Tristan Baurick wrote about
recent conditions for the
As always, if you wish to see chum swimming upstream and
possibly spawning, one of the best places to go is Chico Salmon
Park next to Kitsap Golf and Country Club. For the latest
information about the park, read the story in the
Kitsap Sun by Terri Gleich.
With a couple of updates, my Salmon Viewing
Map and videos still offer a guide to the best public spots to
watch salmon on the Kitsap Peninsula. Click on the map at right to
access the videos and other information, including viewing
If you would like to learn about salmon from the experts, make a
note of these events:
Saturday, Nov. 7, Poulsbo Fish Park, 288
Lindvig Way. Children’s activities included, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. No
Salmon Viewing Saturday
Saturday, Nov. 14, Chico Salmon Park, Chico
Way at Golf Club Road, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. No charge. Kitsap
Saturday, Nov. 14, Mountaineers Rhododendron
Preserve, 3153 Seabeck Highway. Tours, involving a hike of about
1.5 miles, begin at 10 a.m., 11:30 a.m. and 1 p.m. Nov. 14.
Kitsap Salmon Tours.
The Southern Resident killer whales appear to be making their
annual excursion into Central and South Puget Sound — up to a month
later than normal.
As I write this, a group of whales — believed to be J pod — is
heading south along the eastern shoreline of the Kitsap Peninsula.
The video was shot yesterday morning by Alisa Lemire Brooks.
So far, nobody seems to have a good idea why the whales are
late. Typically, they spend their summers in the San Juan Islands,
then begin checking out the rest of Puget Sound in September.
Presumably, they are looking for salmon to eat. We know their
preference is for chinook, but they will eat coho and chum if
that’s all they can find.
In the fall, chum salmon are abundant throughout much of Puget
Sound, and they often become the main food source for all three
pods of killer whales. J pod, however, is the one that spends the
most time in the Salish Sea (the inland waterway that includes
Puget Sound and the Strait of Georgia).
On a stormy Sunday night, the first day of November, all three
pods headed south past Port Townsend and into Puget Sound, as
reported by Orca
“All of October, we waited patiently as we followed the reports
of Js, Ks, and Ls following chum salmon runs far to the north when
typically they follow the chum into Puget Sound,” states Orca
Network’s sighting report from Sunday.
“We have been compiling these Sighting Reports since 2001, and
this was the first October to come and go without the Southern
Residents,” the report continues. “Come morning, many joyous people
will perch themselves atop favored viewpoints, on nearby bluffs,
and along the many shorelines in hopes of seeing the beloved J, K
and L pod members-including perhaps their first glimpse of any of
the new calves who might here. We do hope they find plenty of
On Monday, whale researchers — including Ken Balcomb of the
Center for Whale Research and Brad Hanson of the NOAA’s Northwest
Fisheries Science Center — met up with the whales heading north
from Seattle. Late in the afternoon, the orcas split up. K and L
pods continued north, and J pod headed south.
Brad told me that he was as surprised as anyone that the whales
did not venture south before November. “I’ve been scratching my
head over that one, too,” he said. “It was very strange.”
The whales did stay around the San Juan Islands longer this
year, he noted, which might mean they were getting enough chinook
to eat. Then they moved north into Canada, perhaps finding salmon
in other areas besides Puget Sound.
Yesterday, the first whale sightings came from Maury and Vashon
islands in South Puget Sound, where the whales — believed to be J
pod — turned around without heading up through Colvos Passage, as
they often do. By nightfall, they were between Kingston and
Edmonds, where Alisa Brooks shot the video on this page.
This morning, they were headed south again from Whidbey Island,
passing Point No Point. As I post this about 3 p.m., they are
somewhere around Kingston.
Howard Garrett of Orca Network saw the whales go past Whidbey
Island. “They were traveling fast with lots of porpoising,” he told
me, referring to the high-speed maneuver that shoots them along
above and below the surface.
We can expect the whales to stay around these waters as long as
December. But, as orca experts always tell me, if you expect killer
whales to do something, they are just as likely to do something
Here’s a population update, if you missed the recent news:
The orca baby boom continues with the birth of a sixth calf
since last December. The baby, designated J-53, was spotted off the
west side of San Juan Island on Oct. 17. The mother is J-17, a
38-year-old female named Princess Angeline. The calf has two
sisters, J-28 named Polaris, and J-35 named Tahlequah, and a
brother, J-44 named Moby. The newest whale in J pod also has a
6-year-old niece named Star (J-46), born to Polaris, and a
5-year-old nephew named Notch (J-47), born to Tahlequah.
While the birth of new orcas is encouraging, I also need to
mention that 50-year-old Ophelia (L-27) has been missing since
August and is presumed dead by most people. She outlived all four
of her offspring.
The total number of whales in the three pods now stands at 82:
28 in J pod, 19 in K pod and 35 in L pod. This count, maintained by
the Center for Whale Research, does not include Lolita, the orca
taken from Puget Sound and now living in Miami Seaquarium.
As you can see in the first video, a beautiful sea sapphire
flashes in brilliant hues of green, blue and purple before
disappearing before your eyes.
Sea sapphires are tiny copepods, and the color changes probably
relate to their process of attracting a mate. How these little
creatures change their colors was finally explained by a group of
researchers this past summer in the
Journal of the American Chemical Society.
The colors relate to an innate ability to adjust the spacing
between their tiny plates, adjusting the wavelength of light
reflected from the crystals underneath. When the reflected light is
shifted far enough into the ultraviolet, the little critters nearly
The process of discovering the mechanism was fully explained in
journal article. For a less technical discussion of these
unusual copepods, read the blog post by Jennifer Frazer, a who
“The Artful Amoeba” for the Scientific American website.
I like the narration on the first video, produced by the
American Chemical Society, but credit for the amazing pictures of
the sea sapphire goes to videographer Kaj Maney of Ambon,
Indonesia. Kaj did not reveal his video technique, but it must be
good. I looked everywhere for additional videos of sea sapphires,
but it was his
video that was copied again and again by others. For other
great videos of sea creatures, see his Liquid Guru website.
The second video relates to the amazing process called
bioluminescence, in which animals produce their own light with
biochemistry. The video was part of National Geographic’s 2013
program “Expedition Week: Hunt for the Giant Squid.”
My most impressive encounter with bioluminescence was in 1997,
when I went out at night on Dyes Inlet near Silverdale with killer
whale researcher Jodi Smith. As the whales swam near the boat, it
was easy to see the trail of glowing plankton they left behind. It
was an experience I’ll never forget.
Beards Cove Community Organization and Newberry Hill Heritage
Park Stewards are this year’s winners of the Hood Canal
Environmental Achievement Awards.
The awards, sponsored by the Hood Canal Coordinating Council,
recognize people and groups that have taken actions and fostered
relationships to improve the health of the Hood Canal
The 500 property owners in the Beards Cove community were
credited with developing relationships with Great Peninsula
Conservancy and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife to
restore an estuary near the Union River on the North Shore of Hood
The Beards Cove Restoration Project completes the final segment
of 1.7 miles of unbroken saltmarsh along the shoreline. The project
removed 45,000 cubic yards of fill, derelict structures and a
septic system. The work included reconfiguring the shoreline and
planting the area with native vegetation, all to enhance salmon
The Beards Cove project was described in a
Kitsap Sun story by Arla Shepherd Bull and in a
Water Ways blog entry I wrote about the history of the Beards
Cove development leading to the need for restoration.
Stewards working to improve Newberry Hill Heritage Park are
protecting fish and wildlife in the area, which includes the
Anderson Creek watershed, which drains to Hood Canal. The group
built a fence to protect a beaver dam, which provides habitat for
coho and other fish, along with a foot bridge that maintains access
to a flooded trail. The group helped develop a forest-management
plan to restore ecological health to the park. Members are known
for expanding their knowledge about forests, streams and
The awards will be presented Friday at a conference that will
celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Hood Canal Coordinating
Council. Speakers will include Donna Simmons, one of the council’s
founders who will describe the history of the organization. U.S.
Rep. Derek Kilmer will discuss his Save Our Sound legislation and
how to move forward with ecosystem restoration. I will contribute
to the discussion by talking about my reporting career as it
relates to Hood Canal.
The event will be held at Lucky Dog Casino Event Center. Those
who would like to attend should contact Robin Lawlis at the
coordinating council, (360) 394-0046 or email@example.com. For
information, check the fact
sheet on the HCCC’s website.
The Hood Canal Coordinating
Council was established in 1985 to improve the water quality of
Hood Canal. It has expanded its mission to include improving the
ecological health of the canal. The group is made up of the county
commissioners in Kitsap, Mason and Jefferson counties along with
the Port Gamble S’Klallam and Skokomish tribes.
Those interested in the creatures that inhabit our local
waterways may find themselves enthralled by two recent publications
— one describing the many species of fish found in the Salish Sea
and the other examining the lifestyles of crabs and shrimps living
along the Pacific Coast.
new fish report (PDF 9.2 mb), published by NOAA Fisheries,
documents 253 species found in the Salish Sea, including 37
additional species not listed in the previous comprehensive fish
catalog, now 35 years old.
What caught my immediate attention in the report were the
beautiful illustrations by Joe Tomelleri, who has spent the past 30
years capturing the fine features of fish from throughout the
world. Check out the ornate fins on the fourhorn poacher and the
muted colors of the spotted ratfish. I never realized that common
ratfish wwere so beautiful.
The new report offers a preview of a much-anticipated book by
Ted Pietsch, retired fish curator at the University of Washington’s
Burke Museum, and Jay Orr, a biologist at NOAA’s Alaska Fisheries
Science Center. The book, “Fishes of the Salish Sea,” will provide
extensive descriptions as well as illustrations of all known
species — including some early discoveries that came to light after
publication of the new NOAA report. The book could be 600 pages or
I interviewed author Ted Pietsch of Seattle and illustrator Joe
Tomelleri of Leawood, Kans., for a piece incorporated into the
The other book, “Crabs and
Shrimps of the Pacific Coast” by Greg Jensen of Bremerton,
pulls together information about 300 of these various crustaceans.
The book, which has been on my review list for more than year, has
won acclaim from experts in the field as well as casual observers
of nature. The book comes with an associated computer disc of the
book’s text, which allows one to link to other articles and
reports. One can also load much of the book onto a smart phone,
which can be taken to the shoreline and used as a field guide.
“My goal was to make a book that would appeal to someone who
just wants to learn about this stuff and would also be valuable to
someone, like myself, who is a specialist in the field,” Greg told
I enjoy Greg’s light writing style, as he tells little stories
in sidebars, shares brief biographies of key scientists and clears
up myths and confusion. One sidebar, for example, tells us that the
lines between shrimp and prawns have become blurred.
In Great Britain, he said, Crangonids, “with their stout,
somewhat flattened form, were called ‘shrimp,’ while palaemonids
were known as prawns.” In other places, prawns are considered
larger than shrimp. Sometimes prawns refer to freshwater versus
“Bottom line: There is no formal definition separating the two.
Like the Queen’s English, once they left home for America and
Australia, they became bastardized beyond recognition,” he
Greg, a scuba diver, shot about 90 percent of the pictures shown
in the 240-page book. If nothing else, he told me, the book
provided an excuse for him to dive in waters all along the
“It was like a big scavenger hunt,” he said. “You look through
the literature and you have this list (of crabs and shrimps). You
dig up anything and everything about where to find them.”
Like Ted Pietsch has done for fish, Greg has gone back to the
original references about crabs and shrimp, taking pains to correct
mistakes passed down through scientific literature. It has taken
years to track down the many references to ensure accuracy and give
credit to the right people, he said.
Greg, who grew up in Bremerton, was in grade school when a field
trip took him to Agate Passage on a low tide, where he became
intrigued by crabs. He soon started an extensive collection of
dried crab shells. Looking back, Greg credits marine biology
instructors Ted Berney at East High School and Don Seavy at Olympic
College for helping him pursue his interests, eventually launching
his career at the University of Washington.
Today, Greg still lives in Bremerton, researching, writing and
teaching at the UW School of Aquatic and Fishery Science.
I’ve always enjoyed listening to sounds, whether it be easily
identified natural sounds or mysterious sounds that are hard to
When I was kid, I was given a tape recorder, which I used to
collect all sorts of natural and unnatural sounds. I would play
back the sounds and ask people if they could identify the source.
Even as an aging adult, I enjoy listening to the sound of a flowing
stream, breaking waves or falling rain. I also like to listen to
bird calls, and I keep telling myself that I need to learn how to
identify more of them — but that’s another story.
For this blog, I would like to return again to this idea of
natural sound and share some websites where you can listen to your
heart’s content and sometimes shape the sound itself. Since this is
a blog about water, I’ve tended to focus on rain, streams, oceans
and such things, but these links can be just a starting point.
Soundsnap is a website
that boasts of having 200,000 sounds in its catalog, including
6,000 sounds of
nature. Included are 249 sounds of rain, 117 sounds of the
sea, 1,065 sounds
of water and
298 sounds of ice. These sounds can be
downloaded for a fee, but it costs nothing to explore Sound Snap’s
At the other end of the spectrum is a single 11-hour YouTube
video featuring the sound and images of ocean waves. I have not
listened to more than a few minutes of this video at a time, so I
don’t know what happens if you turn on this video to go to sleep
and then leave it on all night. But the sound coming from the video
is certainly more pleasant than the nightly sounds that some people
learn to tolerate. The video, embedded on this page, was posted by
which has several videos of a similar vein.
If you would like to download a sound to save it or use it in a
video project, Sound Bible is a
royalty-free site with a large collection of sounds. I downloaded
the files below from collections called “Sea Sounds” and “Water
Being able to measure a killer whale’s girth and observe its
overall condition without disturbing the animal is an important
advancement in orca research.
By running a small hexacopter, also known as a drone, at a safe
level over all 81 Southern Resident killer whales last month,
researchers came to the conclusion that most of the orcas were in a
healthy condition. Seven whales were picked out for further
observation, including a few suspected of being pregnant.
I was especially intrigued by the idea that researchers could
track the progress of a pregnancy. It has been long suspected that
the first calf born to a young female orca often dies. A possible
reason is that the calf receives a dangerous load of toxic
chemicals from its mother. With this “offloading” of toxic
chemicals from mother to first calf, later offspring receive lesser
amounts of the chemicals.
Miscarriages and even births often go unnoticed, especially in
the winter when the whales travel in the ocean far from human
observation. If the young ones do not survive until their pod
returns to Puget Sound, we may never know that a young whale was
lost. Now, this remotely operated hexacopter may provide before and
after pictures of a pregnant female, offering evidence when
something goes wrong with a calf.
Images of the whales can be combined with skin biopsies and
fecal samples collected by boat to provide a larger picture of the
health of individual whales and the overall population.
Images of the whales collected this fall can be compared to
those collected by conventional helicopter in 2008 and 2013 to
assess any changes in the animals. Because of the noise and prop
wash of a conventional helicopter, pilots must stay at a higher
elevation to keep from disturbing the whales. There seems to be
general agreement that drones are the way to go.
John Durban of NOAA Fisheries, who piloted the drone on 115
flights over the Southern Residents, said he was encouraged that
their overall condition appeared better than in the past few
“Most individuals appear to be fairly robust this year, which is
good news, but it’s also very important baseline information to
have if the next few years turn out to be difficult for salmon and
their predators,” Durban said in a
Ken Balcomb of the Center for Whale Research has a somewhat
different take on this new tool. The high rate of miscarriages and
neonate deaths have long been known, Ken told me in an email. It is
the only way that they are able to control their population within
the carrying capacity of their food supply.
“I am more excited about five whales being born and surviving
since last December than I am about an unproven morphometric
surmise that additional whales are in some stage of a
seventeen-month pregnancy,” he said. “It is not wise to ‘count your
chickens before they hatch,’ as the saying goes.”
The goal should be to recover the population, Ken said. When it
comes to recovering salmon and killer whales, resource management
has been a dismal failure. His suggestion: Remove the Snake River
dams and allow the salmon numbers to rebuild naturally while fixing
Canada’s Fraser River.
“With climate change well underway,” Ken wrote, “we cannot
fritter away golden opportunities to restore viability in what
little is left of a natural world in the Pacific Northwest while
counting unborn whales.”
Other aspects of this new effort involving the hexacopter were
well covered by news reporters this week. Check out the list below.
The new video with John Durban and NOAA’s science writer Rich Press
can be seen above. Last month, I provided other information and
links about the new tool. See
Water Ways Sept. 9.
Treaties signed 160 years ago guarantee Native Americans the
right to take fish from Puget Sound for all time. A case now before
the courts will help determine whether those same treaty rights
place limits on how property is developed in the state of
Specifically, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals last week heard
arguments about whether the state of Washington violated the
treaties by building culverts that block or restrict the passage of
salmon. (Check out the video for the oral arguments.) If the
appeals court upholds a ruling by U.S. District Judge Ricardo
Martinez, the state could be obligated to fix about 1,000 culverts
within 17 years at an estimated cost of $1.9 billion, according to
state officials. That’s 1.9 billion with a “b.”
In landmark rulings in 1975 and 1976, U.S. District Judge George
Boldt focused on treaty language that called for Indians and
non-Indians to fish “in common” with each other. Boldt determined
those words to mean that the two groups must share the
“harvestable” amount of fish equally. He recognized that a portion
of the fish must survive the gauntlet of fisheries to spawn and
produce more fish.
Boldt also acknowledged that this perpetual fishing right would
have no meaning for the tribes if state actions, such as ongoing
development activities, caused the salmon to go extinct. The
question that must be determined for now and into the future is
what specific “duty” the treaty has imposed on federal, state and
local governments to protect the environment in their ongoing
settlement of the Northwest.
As the tribes argue in their brief before the appeals court:
“The parties intended the treaties to secure the tribes’ ability
to forever sustain themselves by fishing…. Today, empty streams and
empty nets belie that promise. Salmon runs have plummeted; many are
locally extirpated or completely extinct. Tribes cannot meet their
needs for fish.
“Despite ancient tribal and Anglo-American traditions barring
obstructions to fish passage, more than 1,100 state culverts block
salmon from 1,000 miles of case-area streams. Above those culverts
lie almost 5 million square meters of salmon habitat, capable of
producing hundreds of thousands more harvestable adult fish each
“The (district) court could only decide as it did: State
culverts that seal salmon out of the streams they need to survive
and multiply are inconsistent with the purpose and promise of the
treaties. This decision is but one small step further on a
century-long path of Supreme Court and Ninth Circuit cases holding
that the ‘right of taking fish’ prohibits all manner of obstacles
to the exercise of that right, without requiring that each obstacle
be enumerated in treaty text.”
In Friday’s hearing, state Solicitor General Noah Purcell argued
strongly on behalf of the state that the lower court ruling, if
upheld, essentially creates a new treaty right to control
development on nontribal land. If the appeals court fails to
overturn the district court’s findings, he said, there would be no
limit to future litigation. The tribes could assert a treaty right
to remove any obstruction that hinders salmon migration — including
dams — and to block any future development that could impede salmon
“On its face,” Purcell argues in his brief, “the right of taking
fish in common with all citizens does not include a right to
prevent the state from making land-use decisions that could
incidentally impact fish. Rather, such an interpretation is
contrary to the treaties’ principal purpose of opening up the
region to settlement.”
The state does not deny that culverts have affected salmon runs,
Purcell said. In fact, the state has spent millions of dollars on
salmon restoration, with special consideration for culverts. But
allowing a judge to require the state to spend money on culvert
removal has powerful legal implications.
The state currently is involved in a major restoration of the
Puget Sound ecosystem, including an enormous effort to restore
salmon streams. Directing money toward culvert removal could
displace projects with greater promise for salmon restoration, he
Martinez was not ignorant of the salmon-restoration efforts but
said the current pace of culvert-removal was too slow. Experts in
his courtroom convinced the judge that it would take more than 100
years to solve the problem at the state’s pace of culvert
replacement. After his ruling, the state picked up the pace of
culvert replacement, and the Department of Transportation has
dedicated special funding to get the work done. But meeting the
court’s deadline remains a big challenge.
It seems a little ironic that the U.S. government, which signed
the treaties with the tribes, has built many dams and roads of its
own that block salmon passage. Yet the U.S. government is a party,
alongside the tribes, in the case against Washington state. The
U.S. role in this case is simply as a trustee for the tribes,
attorneys say, and the tribes still have the right to sue the
federal government as well.
Purcell argued that if the court does decide that the tribes
have a treaty right that forces the state to remove the culverts,
then the federal government should be required to help pay those
costs. After all, most of the culverts were installed according to
designs approved by the Federal Highway Administration, he
The three-judge panel did not appear receptive to the state’s
counter-suit against the U.S. government in this case. That issue
might be more suitable for the Court of Federal Claims, one judge
John Sledd, attorney for the tribes, pointed out that state and
federal laws have long prohibited anyone from blocking streams. One
can build the road system as needed for development without
blocking the passage of fish, he said.
One member of the three-judge panel was Judge David Ezra, who
has presided over lawsuits involving federal dams on the Snake
River. Ezra asked pointed questions about how far the legal
principles might go in correcting environmental mistakes of the
According to Sledd, the notion that Martinez’ decision could
lead to all sorts of mandated restoration efforts or restrictions
on future development has been overstated.
“This is the first injunction that has come up through this
theory in 45 years that it has been pending in U.S. v. Washington,”
he said. “I don’t think the tribes are jumping to leap on every
little problem out there. This is a major problem. It’s described
by the biologists as the number-one priority after protecting
Still, the case is raising concerns from the state of Oregon as
well as the Washington State Association of Counties. In a
friend-of-the-court brief, WSAC said the litigation may not only be
costly to the state, “but, if upheld, the tribes could next sue the
counties, which could result in Washington taxpayers having to
provide another billion dollars or more to fix county
Robert Tiso, a master musician who plays classical music on
water glasses, has released several new videos of his music, which
is nothing less than mesmerizing.
I first encountered Robert six years ago and featured his “glass
Water Ways Nov. 9, 2009, after corresponding with him by email.
His biography is fairly well outlined in that blog post. I believe
he was in Italy at the time.
It is worth mentioning again that Robert performed in a DVD
documentary “Bach and
Friends” by filmaker Michael Lawrence. View the Robert Tiso
performance on the
At the beginning of last year, Tiso moved to the United States,
where he performed in Las Vegas as part of an eclectic production
called “Vegas Nocturne.” The production was featured at
Rose.Rabbit.Lie, a venue at the Cosmopolitan hotel and casino. He
has since returned to Toscana, Italy, but still performs all over
The first two of these videos can be found on this page. The
Water Adagio is from Bach’s violin concerto 2 in E Major. The first
phase of the piece was used in a movie by Pierpaolo Pasolini for
scenes in which Jesus Chris performed miracles, according to notes
on the YouTube page. In this performance, the tone oscillations are
created by tilting the table to make water move inside the
A whole series of videos by Robert Tiso can be found on his
Channel, including an intriguing duet with Felice
Pantone, who plays the mysterious musical saw. I remain as
intrigued by Robert’s music as when I first heard it.
Later, I learned that Benjamin Franklin loved the sound created
by crystalline glass. As an inventor, Franklin believed it was a
waste of time to fill and tune each water glass when they could be
made to play just as beautifully without water, provided they were
made to the proper size. Read about his amazing invention in
Water Ways from June 3, 2013.
Individuals with an interest in recreation and protecting the
environment are needed to help determine how millions of dollars in
state and federal grants are spent on projects related to habitat
restoration, farmland preservation, parks and outdoor
It is easy to overlook these various advisory committees that
evaluate projects proposed for grants each year. I often report on
the outcome of the grant decisions without describing the process
of evaluation, recommendation and listing by the Recreation and
Conservation Funding Board.
Volunteers play a vital role in understanding the proposals,
ranking them and making them better. They can also take part in
determining overall board policies used in the approval — such as a
current proposal to change policies related to farmland, trails and
changes to property-acquisition projects. See “Policies and
Rulemaking” on the website of the Recreation and Conservation
Office. For this round, comments are due by tomorrow.
Volunteers with special knowledge and abilities are always
needed, but average citizens also have a role to play in these
decisions. Information about duties and becoming a volunteer can be
found on RCO’s “Advisory
Committees” webpage. These volunteer positions are unpaid
except for travel expenses when money is available.
The RCO is looking to fill positions on nine advisory
committees, which will begin working on the next round of grants in
the spring and summer of next year. Applications are due by Oct. 30
for the following positions, which are four-year appointments.
The first group addresses grants in the Washington
Wildlife and Recreation Program:
Local Parks: One local government official and
two citizen volunteers are needed to focus on grants related to
acquiring, developing and renovating local parks.
Habitat Restoration: One citizen volunteer is
needed to focus on grants relating to buying and restoring
shorelines and state-owned land. The volunteer should be familiar
with the subject.
Trails: A volunteer is needed to address grants
to buy, develop and renovate non-motorized trails. An interest in
regional trails is important.
Water Access: One citizen and two local
government volunteers are needed to discuss grants related to
improving access for nonmotorized, water-related recreation.
Farmland Preservation: Two citizen volunteers
are needed to consider grants related to maintaining working farms.
Volunteers should be farmers who actively manage farms or
State Parks: One local government volunteer is
needed to help prioritize grants for buying and developing state
parks. A statewide perspective on parks and recreation is
State Land Development and Renovation: One
citizen volunteer and three local government volunteers are needed
to address grants for developing or renovating outdoor recreation
facilities on state land. A statewide perspective on parks and
recreation is important.
Other grant programs:
Aquatic Lands Enhancement Account: One citizen
and two local government volunteers are needed to deal with grants
to buy and improve shorelines for public use. The citizen volunteer
should be familiar with aquatic lands restoration or protection,
while the local government volunteers should be familiar with
recreation and public access interests.
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Two citizen
and three local government volunteers are needed to work with this
federal funding program, which provides grants to preserve and
develop parks, trails and wildlife lands. Congress failed to
reinstate this popular program before it expired under federal law,
but there is considerable political pressure to keep it going. The
committee will evaluate proposals in case Congress acts. The money
comes from oil and gas leases on federal lands.
If you have questions not answered on the website, you
can contact Lorinda Anderson by phone at (360) 902-3009 or TTY
(360) 902-1996 or by email.